Crécy-en-Ponthieu is a small town in the Somme département in northern France, about 75km (46 miles) south of Calais.
On 26 August 1346, King Edward III and his son, Edward the Black Prince, fought a battle against France in a field just to the north of the town. The Battle of Crécy was a significant victory for England in the Hundred Years’ War.
King Edward and the Black Prince both used Berkhamsted Castle as a residence. Their victory on the battlefield is credited to the use of the English longbow. and it is thought that many of their bowmen would have originated from Berkhamsted. Crécy established the longbow as the dominant weapon on the Western European battlefield for several centuries.